The Challenges of the Healthcare System in India

We explore the challenges and opportunities of the health care system in India and look at how COVID-19 has affected the country.

The best thing about living in the 21st century must be the rapid pace of change in all sectors of society. Healthcare in particular in India has witnessed a significant development. Ranging from advanced biomedical tools to unimaginable operations performed by robots, the healthcare industry in India is at its historic peak.

But along with the rapid progress comes the burden of carrying the second highest population in the world. A growing global population is straining India’s health resources, while longer life expectancies are straining India’s health system.

With the healthcare sector in India struggling under a staggering amount of infrastructure problems, there is a great need for our healthcare professionals to be updated with the latest knowledge and provided with the latest resources.

Putting oneself out there is no easy task; With the healthcare industry in India requiring the much-needed influx of medical information, we have realized the importance of online healthcare courses for healthcare professionals across the board.

Right from providing crucial knowledge regarding health management and management to show the positive by improve health care through research, these courses can provide valuable learning opportunities. Let us take a closer look at the positive and negative sides of the healthcare industry in India.

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India’s healthcare system

The state government primarily distributes health care in India. Yield of the great human capital available in the country, the healthcare system in India has produced some of the best medical surgeons and tools in the industry.

One thing is obvious to any spectator: India has a comprehensive health care system. Nevertheless, there are significant quality differences between rural and urban areas and between public and private health providers.

Historically, health care in India has seen many government-sponsored schemes aimed at providing good quality health care to the poorest of the population. The National Rural Health Mission was established in 2005 to address the absence of rural medical coverage. To improve health care in rural India, this mission concentrates resources on rural and poor states with poor health facilities.

Despite the presence of a large number of schemes for the economically disadvantaged population, inefficient public health and insurance models have rendered this gruesome effort useless. Furthermore, prolonged hospital waiting times, the perception that public health care in India is of poor quality, and significant shortages of manpower and infrastructure are all systemic barriers to access.

Despite this, India is a popular destination for medical tourists due to the low cost and the good quality of its private institutions. Health spending in India is one of those lowest on the planet, making it one of the most sought after healthcare sectors in the world.

International students in India can anticipate excellent medical treatment from private hospitals thanks to India’s improvements in healthcare. A remarkable mention goes to the incredible amount of research that has emerged in recent years. Due to this beautiful research-oriented approach in 21st century healthcare in India, the quality of treatment and outpatient care has increased in a positive direction.

The effects of COVID-19 on the health care system of India

With the COVID-19 pandemic putting even the world’s most advanced healthcare systems to the test, India’s healthcare system has also been disrupted. Although usually adequate, health care in India was on its knees during the violent second wave of COVID-19 in April 2021.

A destroyed Indian healthcare system infrastructure was brutally exposed by the lack of oxygen and medicine required to treat COVID-19 in India. In addition, the lack of awareness about health insurance made it very difficult for the average person to receive the full extent of admission for COVID-19.

But not all news was gloomy. The benefit of the whole situation was that private Indian healthcare companies took the initiative and have provided the government with all the resources it requires, including tests, isolation beds for treatment, medical staff and equipment at the government’s COVID-19 hospitals, as well as home care.

Moreover, the sheer tenacity with which the health care system in India implemented innovative treatment methods for COVID-19 shows how far the healthcare industry in India has progressed since the beginning of the 20th century.

Various health workers in the Indian health sphere, ranging from nurses to doctors, have made positive progress by update their knowledge to fit unique COVID-19 needs.

Dealing with changes in India’s healthcare is a task best left to academic reforms in imparting health education, although health professionals can certainly make their voices heard.

The way in which the health sector in India coped with the second wave of COVID-19 is primarily thanks to the advanced health education provided at the university level to all students.

Current health problems in India

While the COVID-19 virus is still ravaging the country, we have seen that the healthcare sector in India has been fighting its monsters for the last 50 odd years. Current health problems in India range from infrastructure problems to blatant inefficiencies in the bureaucratic system of hospital administration. Let’s take a look at some of the most important:

Infrastructure problems

Of the current health problems facing the health sector in India, the biggest must be lack of infrastructure. Repeated shortages of hospital beds, shortages of specialized faculties to treat major illnesses, and high equity costs result in an impossibly stressed national health system.

Add to that a low proportion of education professionals compared to other countries; the workload of this struggling health care system hangs in the balance at this point.

Child mortality

While the world is experiencing a decline in mortality, India remains high despite the miraculous technological advances that have been made in the last two decades. According to an article published by India’s timesIndia has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world at 721,000.

One of the primary causes of continued mortality is the belief that infant care and prenatal surgical procedures are too expensive to be borne by the family. What we need to do is make people aware of cheap interventions that work just as well as the expensive ones. This will not only reduce mortality in the long run, but it will also help increase people’s belief in health care in India.

Unmanageable patient load

Serving a population size of 1.4 billion, almost 20% of the total population of the earth, is a Herculean task in itself. Sustainable management of medical and human resources to meet the needs of the next generation should be the most important thing people are thinking about at the moment.

In order to maintain an adequate patient flow, healthcare facilities should use technology where possible to optimize operational and clinical operations. Furthermore, there is the difficulty of thinking beyond the obvious and promoting virtual care protocols and telesealth services, both of which can significantly reduce patient burden.

What does the future hold?

No one can predict what might really happen in the next decade or so. However, it is not difficult to assume the presence of a few elements that we will sooner or later see in the health care system of India:

  • Medical tourism: Compared to countries in Western Europe or the United States, India’s healthcare sector appeals to overseas patients due to the availability of high quality treatments at lower prices. We can quickly expect a massive boost in the medical tourism front due to the excellent vaccine that provides relations to stable economies like Russia and Brazil as well.
  • Use of technology: In today’s world, online consultations and technology platforms are in high demand. Given that the pandemic has expanded the need for social distance, teleconsultations have become a need rather than a need for a majority of the population. The ‘eSanjeevani’ app, an integrated web-based telemedicine service, was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in August 2019. By building bridges between cities and rural areas in India, it hopes to make healthcare more equitable.
  • Health insurance awareness: The good news for India is that one of the country’s most pressing health challenges, health insurance, has been dramatically improved. In recent years, there has been a greater awareness of health insurance products, and with each passing year, more and more people are buying them.

Last thoughts

Health systems and policies are crucial to defining how health services are provided, used and affect health outcomes. Health care in India is having a hard time, but there is a huge sea of ​​hope and improvement given the direction of health education in the country.

Apart from addressing the obvious infrastructural shortcomings, the training of professionals should be a top priority. The use of online workshops and courses in health care, offered by reliable platforms, allows for more advanced and specific training. The role of good quality medical education is truly invaluable and investing in this sphere will be beneficial to us in the long run.


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