One year has passed since the death of Hebe de Bonafini, symbol of Human Rights

One year has passed since the death of Hebe de Bonafini, symbol of Human Rights Photo Archive
It is one year since the death of Hebe de Bonafini, symbol of Human Rights. Photo: Archive

Mothers of Plaza de Mayo remembered this Monday Hebe de Bonafini, co-founder of the association and historical reference of the Argentine human rights movement, on the first anniversary of his death.

Hebe, recognized internationally for being one of the central protagonists of the fight for the appearance alive of the 30 thousand detainees who disappeared during State terrorismwill not have tributes to commemorate the day he died, but all recognition activities will be carried out in the week of December 4, the day of his birth.

Out of respect for your wishes, They advanced Télam from the entity, there will be no tributes to commemorate the day of his deathbut will be celebrated on the day of her birth, December 4, with activities to “celebrate the life, struggle and example of our eternal companion Hebe de Bonafini.”

The activities will begin on Thursday, November 30 at 5:30 p.m., with the opening of the exhibition of paintings by the plastic artist Mariali, called “Mother of rebellion”, in the House of Mothers, located at Hipólito Yrigoyen 1584 in the city of Buenos Aires.

All recognition activities will take place in the week of December 4, Hebe’s birthday.

On Monday, December 4 at 6:30 p.m., also At the Casa de las Madres, the book “Hebe and the hat factory” by the journalist and collaborator of Madres, Demetrio Iramain, will be presented., an event that will feature the presence of singer-songwriter Teresa Parodi; the lawyers Cristina Caamaño and Pablo Llonto; journalist Carlos Polimeni and members of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo.

While On Thursday, December 7 at 5:30 p.m., the first exhibition of the painting will be held in tribute to Hebemade with soil from the Plaza de Mayo, by the plastic artist Jorge “Coki” López and the documentary that gives an account of the creation process of the work will be projected.

All activities commemorating the birth of Hebe Bonafini will take place in the Mothers’ House.

Mothers of Plaza de Mayo asked attendees to donate rubber shoes (Crocs type) for children in popular neighborhoods.

The Human Rights reference is honored at the Mothers' House Photo Archive
The Human Rights representative will be honored at the mothers’ house. Photo: Archive

Who was Hebe, the reference for Human Rights

Bonafini was 93 years old when she died on November 20, 2022. Four days later, a crowd came to say goodbye to her on her “last” round in Plaza de Mayo, where His remains were placed at the foot of one of the bushes that surround the emblematic place of all the struggles that the president of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo Association faced in defense of human rights since 1977, in the midst of a civil-military dictatorship.

Protagonist of countless tributes and awards in Argentina and the world, shortly before his hospitalization he had been the focus of a photographic exhibition about his life titled “Hebe de Bonafini, a rev/belada mother”, held at the Kirchner Cultural Center (CCK ).

The exhibition is based on a selection of photos from the book “The Paths of Life”, by Ulises Gorini, about the history of the head of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo and in the presentation the leader told unknown details of her life.

“I had my children who taught me what politics is and I forgot who I was the day they disappeared; I never thought about myself again,” he expressed at that time.

The political activist was internationally recognized Photo Archive
The political activist was internationally recognized. Photo: Archive

He was born in the city of Ensenada on December 4, 1928 and in 1942 She married Humberto Bonafini, with whom she had three children: Jorge Omar, Raúl Alfredo and María Alejandra.

At the beginning of 1977 his eldest son Jorge Omar was kidnapped and disappeared in La Plata, and in December of that same year the same thing happened to his other son, Raúl.

Furthermore, the following year his daughter-in-law, María Elena Bugnone Cepeda, Jorge’s wife, disappeared.

Hebe María Pastor de Bonafini began her work as president of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo Association in 1979.after the kidnapping and disappearance of the first head Azucena Villaflor, an entity in which she stood out for the fight for human rights, against the impunity of those guilty of crimes against humanity, along with the vindication of the revolutionary militancy of those detained missing and murdered.

Hebe not only vindicated the struggles of her own children, but promoted the collective claim of the Mothers: “They are all our children.”

She continued her fight alone even after the death of her husband, which occurred in September 1982.

As head of the Madres de Plaza de Mayo Foundation, he promoted the growth of that institution, promoted the creation of a national university institute, a newspaper, a radio, a cultural house and a bookstore, in addition to managing the exESMA cultural center.

These milestones coincide with his ideas that human rights should be combined with social rights.

Hand in hand with this conception, he never hid his political preferences, which were expressed in his intransigent positions regarding inequalities.

After the arrival of Néstor Kirchner to the presidency in 2003, For the first time he made public his support for a Government that he embraced until December 2015 when Cristina Kirchner left the Casa Rosada.

During the more than 12 years of Kirchnerist governments, the association interrupted its historic “Resistance marches” that it had carried out every year since 1981.

With the death of former President Kirchner, on October 27, 2010, Bonafini declared that a son of the Mothers had died.

Hebe also defended leftist governments and leaders throughout the regionamong them Fidel Castro, Lula da Silva, Hugo Chávez and Evo Morales.

Bonafini, a central figure in the democratic recovery, was also in the streets defending democracy during the carapintada uprisings against former presidents Raúl Alfonsín and Carlos Menem, She was a fervent opponent of the pardons granted by the latter in favor of the genocidaires.

Together with Human Rights organizations, Hebe will be remembered in the week of her birthday Photo Archive
Along with Human Rights organizations, Hebe will be remembered in the week of her birthday. Photo: Archive

Together with the Mothers he was in the Plaza de Mayo on December 19 and 20, 2001, facing the repression of the radical government of Fernando de la Rúa against the protesters, where there were dozens of deaths.

She was a great defender of the Audiovisual Communication Services law and other public policies promoted by the Kirchnerist governments.

She also became involved in the construction of social housing through the “Shared Dreams” program, which was marred by allegations of fraud against the treasury, which led her to break off her years-long relationship with Sergio Schoklender, one of those accused of the scheme. .

His social concern remained intact despite the defamations and maneuvers against him.

During the Cambiemos government, he organized talks and “mateadas” with young people and received donations of food to take to popular neighborhoods in the action that the Mothers carried out without having public significance, by their decision.

He confronted the government of Mauricio Macri from the first day, when he resumed the Resistance marches.

In August 2016, a crowd gathered at the doors of the Casa de las Madres when it emerged that she could be detained and forcibly taken to testify in the Comodoro Py courts.

After having maintained a critical and distant relationship with Jorge Bergoglio when he was archbishop of the city of Buenos Aires, the bond between the two changed when he was consecrated Pontiff. Francisco maintained constant communication with Bonafini, whom he called frequently, concerned about Hebe’s health. who visited him in the Vatican in 2016.

Since the assassination attempt against Vice President Cristina Fernández, on September 1, he made several public calls to convict the culprits and protect the former president, whom he had defined as “a daughter.”

As Hebe herself said in a video released by the Mothers’ Association: “The day I die you don’t have to cry, you have to dance, you have to sing, have a party in the Plaza because I did what I wanted and said what I wanted.” I wanted”.

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